According to articles in the May issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that pediatricians assess children’s contact with tobacco smoke beginning with their 1st doctor’s visit. A straightforward, quick method for determining the child’s risk is required to facilitate that evaluation in busy pediatric procedures, the authors recommend. Judith A. Groner, M.D., of The Ohio Condition University College of Medication & Public Wellness, Columbus, and co-workers, compared answers to a number of easily administered screening questions about home secondhand smoke cigarettes exposure to child hair cotinine amounts. Hair cotinine isn’t derived from environmental tobacco smoke exposure but from absorbed nicotine directly, which is certainly metabolized to cotinine and deposited in growing hair.The P values for linear trend had been computed by modeling BMI as a continuing variable. Nonlinear trends were assessed with likelihood-ratio lab tests of restricted cubic splines.27 A P worth of less than 0.05 was considered to indicate a significant linear or non-linear trend. The hazard-ratio estimates for both cohorts were combined with the use of fixed-effect meta-analyses with inverse-variance weighting. We repeated our analyses with stratification according to baseline smoking status and with early deaths excluded. Effect modification by smoking position and age at analysis , at a two-tailed alpha degree of 0.05. Results Study Individuals For the 11,427 participants included in our analysis, the mean age at diabetes diagnosis was 62 years among the 8970 NHS participants and 64 years among the 2457 HPFS individuals.